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自行车的基本保养

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发表于 2012-7-13 22:16:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
<div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"><p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: 宋体; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">保养和维护心得,希望对大家有所帮助<span lang="EN-US">O(</span></span><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">∩</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">_</span><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">∩</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">)O~</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color: white; color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; ">2 j: A3 B6 Q+ I(
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<font color="#444444">1</font><span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. 自行车胎延寿法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); "><br>
</span><font color="#444444">马路的路面,一般是中间高两边低,而自行车又必须靠右行驶。因此,轮胎的左侧常比右侧磨损得厉害。同时,由于重心靠后,后轮一般比前轮磨损快。所以,新轮胎使用一定时期后,应将前后轮胎调换使用,并调换左右方向。这样,可以延长其使用寿命。</font></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">3 ]" r3 d; q% c" _" D) z8 e</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">9 K. R. M+ F$ h* s. q</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
2<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.车内胎的修补小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">8 }/ F- i&amp; b2 _$ R2 H/ O</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">自行车是行人代步、上班、出游的好工具。但是在骑车过程中,自行车内胎常被尖锐东西扎出小洞来,给外出旅行带来不便,告诉您二个修补内胎被扎的小窍门。一是在被扎的小洞上贴几层(一层比一层面积大)医用胶布,能保内胎长久不漏气。医用胶布携带起来也很方便。另一个窍门,去商店买点补漏剂,在游行出发前,检修自行车时,灌进自行车内胎,一旦被扎,补漏剂就能弥住小洞,您可放心旅行。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">! B5 x/ Q5 L&amp; B&amp; o&amp; h<br>
</span><span style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">、<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">3<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.车胎慢撒气的处理</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">( K3 _/ q# \) A/ A' c. ]. }6 y9 h</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">将气门芯拨下,放尽内胎的空气,取半汤勺滑石粉,用硬纸锥形漏斗将其徐徐灌入内胎,慢漏气问题便可解决。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. C:<br>
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</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">4<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车忌用缝纫机油</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">1 @/ R1 K4 x0 F% [; n1 {</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">缝纫机油属于薄质润滑油,若用于自行车,会使车内原有的黄油稀释而流失,从而降低油脂的润滑性能和防锈性能。因此,给自行车的车轴加油,应用30号机油或滑脂。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">- x: V0 U&nbsp;&nbsp;_; c8 r3 N* R</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. O) J2 J: |&nbsp;&nbsp;Y&nbsp;&nbsp;W4 |6 h( k; o% k! t</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
5<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.擦自行车的小窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>您的自行车有了泥污和尘土,可用干净的细绒布或穿坏的棉毛衫裤擦拭。然后您取蓖麻籽数粒,剥去外壳,用细绒布等包好砸碎,用它擦自行车,可使漆面光亮如新,擦拭自行车轮圈,辐条后,可使之光洁锃亮,且蓖麻籽油有防锈作用。稍淋点雨,也不会锈腐。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">' |3 @2 o3 \, O+ b3 {</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">0 j5 B9 _" g" [2 R1 ^</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
6<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车链条去锈小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">4 D* s5 }$ J7 {# m</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">您的自行车链条若生锈,首先用厨房清洗剂将锈斑擦掉,然后把链条上的清洗剂弄干净后,放在柴油中洗刷,可使自行车链条恢复如初。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">5 Q. x) W: E" B/ q6 x3 R) ]</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">% K&nbsp;&nbsp;}( t7 U) B5 j+ c</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
7<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车校正的小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">0 G4 X' v7 l' T- ^+ X- q! d3 j</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">新购的自行车,应作一次全面的校正,将各部位松动的螺丝、销子、轴、车把、前叉等拧紧。车轮上的辐条应根据车圈情况校正拧紧。前、后、中轴在固紧前,应保持约<span lang="EN-US">0.5</span>至<span lang="EN-US">1</span>毫米的轴间间隙,以保证骑行轻快。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">' i&amp; k: x8 @9 G</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">/ g3 R: k+ J' Y9 r' M</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
8<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车保养的小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">4 S5 n/ M; \' c</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">新自行车,要套一副塑料把套,以保护闸把,增加闸把和手之间的磨擦力,对骑车人,特别是夏天骑车更为安全,安装方法是:用热水将闸把套泡热胀大,或在把套内撒点滑石粉,这样容易套上。鞍座上若配布、绒或人造革座套,既保护鞍座,又柔软舒适且省裤子。脚蹬上可套上橡胶脚蹬套。车架、前叉等处不要用塑料带或蜡布缠绕,否则容易掉漆。但车铃、车把、车锁的夹板和车架立叉、车闸的夹板和前叉腿之间,应垫上布条,以免电镀层和油漆被磨掉。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">- ~: Y4 x* p: g. n&nbsp;&nbsp;E</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
9<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车使用中的小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">2 ?+ p3 p8 ^* p, E&nbsp;&nbsp;U</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">您骑车时能注意以下方面,您的自行车一定会使用时间长,便于您生活和出行。遇到不平和凹坑路面,要低速慢骑,以免车子受到剧裂震动造成螺丝松动,滑扣脱落。您不要高速骑行或曲线骑车,更要注意别急刹车,特别是防止地面铁屑、玻璃等物戳破内外胎。严禁超载行驶,普通型车载重不能超过<span lang="EN-US">120</span>公斤;载重型自行车不能超过<span lang="EN-US">170</span>公斤,特别注意避免单侧载重,以防车身变形。更不要骑车带人,违反交通规则。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">* Y) C; m2 e+ J% x</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">9 M% d) T# _( [, B</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
10<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车轮胎充气要适当</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">+ L- [+ b' }0 `# b</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">自行车充气要注意适量。轮胎充气不足,阻力增大,行车费力,外胎壁易遭折裂;充气过足,车轮失去弹性,行驶时颠簸剧烈,外胎受力过大,胎内的帘线层容易被胀断,会缩短使用寿命。另外,自行车不骑长期存放时,也应该把气打的适量。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">/ x1 s6 B, w% J! m! v$ X</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
11<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.车轮胎受力均匀的小窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>自行车前轮因为拐弯的原因,车胎两侧磨损较厉害;后轮因为受压力重些,车胎正面磨损较快,最好每年将前、后轮外胎互换一次,并调换前、后轮的左右方向使两个外胎磨损程度大致相同。去自行车修理铺检修时,可请师傅帮您调换。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">- ^7 |. S2 _5 C7 J</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
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12<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车零部件保养窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>自行车的电镀层用干布先掸去浮尘,涂上中性油(如缝纫机油);自行车的车身漆膜用鸡毛帚拂浮灰。不能用油擦,也不能日光下曝晒;自行车中凡涂有罩光漆的车子,不能用车蜡上光,会掉漆;自行车淋雨后,用干布吸干水分,防止生锈;自行车轴、飞轮、前叉、脚蹬等处,应经常加点黄油或润滑油,飞轮应加一些薄油。自行车每年用煤油清洗一次。注意自行车勿放在靠近暖气、厨房、煤炉等地方,避免一氧化碳气体腐蚀。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "># d; p* C2 s5 r* H8 H</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
13<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车蹬空修理小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">&amp; F&amp; J% o- }- {! N* w+ l; u</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">骑车时空踏或者有时带动有时空踏,主要原因是飞轮内的千斤弹簧失灵,磨损或折断,修理方法,用煤油清洗飞轮,使千斤弹簧不被粘住,或校正、更换千斤弹簧。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">6 C( ]8 c&amp; E* g5 \) P&amp; U0 |3 n6 v</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">( m6 J- a$ K8 k8 z8 i0 d</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
14<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.车轮不圆的修理窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. s/ s$ P+ f' E</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">自行车车轮不圆是因为各部分车条松紧不匀,调整时,可用粉笔测出车圈偏扁处,再放松这一带的车条,拧紧偏宽处车条,即可校正过来。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
15.自行车车闸失灵修理窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">; J: F' k5 S2 `2 T</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">自行车车闸失灵很危险,尤其外出旅行,特别注意。教您小窍门:先将松紧闸螺丝母松开、将闸拉紧,使闸皮与车圈的间距为<span lang="EN-US">3-5</span>毫米,再拧紧紧闸螺丝母, 若左右闸皮不对称,应装正前后轮,或消除车圈的轴向飘动,或校正闸叉。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">% i&amp; n! o+ u4 x; G% l5 F</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">) R4 k/ E, h( a( V, }, ^# w8 d" ^</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
16<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.鞍座偏转或抬头修理窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">* L$ h5 U, m1 D1 @6 L# t- y</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">首先扶正鞍座,如偏转就拧紧车架后接头螺母,如抬头或埋头,就拧紧鞍座上的夹紧螺母,即可校正过来。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">( T' Z0 w0 K. F4 O&amp; F) ?( p</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
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17<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车车轮摇摆修理窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">2 X! K9 m5 K4 o- u% Y- c</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">由于车条拉力不均或折断会导致车轮摇摆,应将车条拧紧或更换新车条,并作调整。调整时,车轮偏右则拧紧左边车条,放松右边,反之也是这样修理。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">( m+ m! I7 Q# ]&amp; j; w( P</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">' l4 |, }. x$ I, ~'
S' F- O</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
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18<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车掉链修理小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">: k7 i' O$ _7 _1 L# |. Q% n</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">自行车掉链时,您先拧松后轴左右螺母,如果链条过松,交替拧紧左右调链螺母;如果链条过紧,拧松调链螺母,并将后轮往前稍推,最后装正后轮,再拧紧后轴左右螺母。轻便自行车没有调链装置,拧松后轴左右螺母后,可将后轮向后拉或向前推,利用改变后轴棍在车架蟹钳口上的位置来调节链条松紧。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">5 o$ M, I5 e; A: j) l</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
19<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.治自行车慢泄气的小窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">, T) w/ ]+ h&amp; q</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">打足气的自行车胎,过了一段时间气就会变少了,如果不是气门嘴或内胎有了问题,原因就在于内胎的微小渗透性所致。这里介绍一种防止内胎慢泄气的方法,可阻止内胎漫渗透气。作法是:拔下气门芯,用硬纸卷一小漏斗,插入气门嘴内,然后将一小勺滑石粉灌入内胎,这时再打气,漫泄气的现象就不会发生了。原因是:充气后滑石粉会附着在整个内胎壁上,从而阻挡了内胎上的微小气孔。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">&amp; Z* N- G2 K2 O! A) W% D* R( K- A8 @</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">6 p' Z* I6 ]0 z+ e: G5 i* W</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
20<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车曲柄松动修理窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>将自行车的曲柄和中轴棍配合松动,先找出是哪一边松动,然后在松动一边的曲柄下撑个木棒,闩紧曲柄销,拧紧螺母。旧车可更换大一点的曲柄销。如曲柄销磨损或装曲柄销的孔扩大,可在曲柄销和中轴棍的圆弧面间垫铁皮,防止松动。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
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21.自行车前轮偏转修理窍门</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">3 N' k2 p8 N&nbsp;&nbsp;a+ D, L</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">先将前轴螺母松开,调整好前轴滚动轴承内的间隙,然后拧紧前轴螺母。前叉和车把之间出现相对转动,应面对车把,两腿夹紧前轮,用手转动车把,装正。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">: L, E% m: Y$ d4 }- u+ f</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">+ Z&amp; B7 k1 d1 ~: t7 {) a1 |5 p</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
22<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车前叉晃动修理窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>这是因为前叉滚动轴承装配过松造成的前叉晃动,应先拧松前叉螺母,然后拧紧前叉上档,再拧紧前叉螺母。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
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23.自行车响声的原因</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>您自行车若有如下响声,可能问题发生在以下地方,您注意观察并注意排除。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
1.周期性响声,有四种可能会发生周期性响声,</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">⑴<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">半链罩没装正或链罩变形,会产生周期响声;</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">⑵<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">脚蹬轴和曲柄配合松动产生周期响声;</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">$ P7 A1 o9 u7 h" b&nbsp;&nbsp;`1 y</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">⑶<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">曲柄和中轴配合松动会产生周期响声;</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">⑷<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">车圈碰车闸、车锁、前叉或车架产生周期响声。</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
2.全链罩产生的响声;</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
3.滚动轴承内产生的响声;</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
4.传动系统产生的响声;</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">+ s1 ?! G3 X( B5 @</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
5.<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">自行车遇到颠簸时产生的响声。</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "># ^' b4 p9 c* q0 Y. Y( b</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
24<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.车内胎漏气的检查和排除</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">; j&amp; h2 V$ H5 z</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
1.<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">气门漏气,在气门芯上放一滴水,封住气门芯孔,如果水膜胀大破裂,说明气门漏气。排除方法是更换新气门皮管。</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
2.气门芯和气门身配合处漏气,将气门嘴淹没在水中,如果压气螺母边有连续性气泡上升,即是此种漏气。排除方法是</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">⑴</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">拧紧压气螺母;</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">⑵</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">更换新气门芯皮管。</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
3.内胎漏气。自行车放倒,拆卸外胎的一边,拉出内胎放入水盆,若内胎的某处有小气泡,则是内胎漏气。排除的方法,修补内胎。</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">7 a6 B&nbsp;&nbsp;R8 T) w1 {5 j0 T</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">0 w" }/ A4 ^8 F1 K&nbsp;&nbsp;E0 k</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
25<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车内胎的修补</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>发现内胎有孔,首先作好记号,然后用干布擦干,用木锉、砂纸把内胎和补皮锉皮,将胶水涂在内胎和补皮上,胶水用量不要太多,保持清洁,涂好后晾<span lang="EN-US">2-3</span>分钟即可贴补,贴稳后放在桌上用锉轻轻敲打,待贴合处十分牢固后再试,无气泡即可。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">* |0 v- x: |# N' d' C7 V</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
26<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.补车的胶水干缩了怎么办?</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">7 |2 R8 R$ \4 L: U7 L5 M</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">补自行车的胶水的原料是生橡胶、松香粉和苯等,苯容易挥发,所以,使用后要立即盖紧,否则易干缩成块,若胶水干缩了,您将苯倒进去,密封<span lang="EN-US">12</span>小时,并用玻璃棒轻轻搅动一下,就恢复原状了。无苯也可用汽油,但汽油挥发得慢,修补内胎干燥时间需要长些。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">&amp; D. \, F' M6 e. I, f1 u% \, u</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
27<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车气筒保养的小窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>要保证自行车气筒长期出气量大、推拉灵活,必须使皮碗经常保持柔软。因此,气筒使用一段时间,应将皮碗取出在机油里泡一泡,泡软后擦净机油再装入气筒使用。不要图省事而往气筒里直接灌机油,这样打气时会将机油喷进车胎内,会减少车胎使用寿命。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">0 x9 R) |1 W' L$ ?6 K</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
<br>
28<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车座不宜太高的原因</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>有些人骑自行车,把座凳抬得很高,骑行时人的胸部朝前倾伏,臀部后翘,两腿完全伸直踏蹬,使会阴部紧紧压在座凳上。这样,势必增加了会阴部与座凳的摩擦,容易致泌尿、生殖系统充血甚至擦伤。如果女同志在月经期,更会增加感染疾病的机会。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. Q+ `4 b; v) `5 h' G# V$ @</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
<br>
29<span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">.自行车车链不打滑的窍门</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>自行车链条使用时间长了会出现滑牙现象。这是由于链条孔的一端磨损造成的,您用以下方法,可解决滑牙问题。由于链条孔有四个方向受摩擦,所以只需打开接头,翻个个,把链条的内圈变做外圈,受损的一面不直接同大小齿轮接触,就不再打滑<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>一<span lang="EN-US">.</span>前言</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">* k8 `! q, s$ U- E</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "># z1 x# _+ |8 U</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">单车作为机械设备,要让其始终保持良好状态,定期的维护保养是必须的。山地车的使用环境相对恶劣,这方面的工作就显得更加重要,尤其在雨天和泥泞环境下,维护工作在骑完后就得尽快进行。<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">' T9 o1 ^0 [* b</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">8 f7 r, |&amp; E, M&nbsp;&nbsp;o$ n) L</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">各个部件的相关厂商都会提供详细的维护保养说明,具体请参阅相应文档。本文讲述的是日常普通的清洗和维护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">; T8 P<br>
<br>
+ q% ?) D( q</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">二<span lang="EN-US">.</span>清洗<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><br>
<br>
当单车浑身沾满了泥浆,线管被污染,不堪使用时,就需要给自行车洗个全身澡了。<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">7 L&amp; Q" u-
N8 A1 O3 U&nbsp;&nbsp;G" @</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">需要注意的是,自行车中有许多轴承部件,这些部件是非常忌讳水的侵入的,所以<b><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: red; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">在清洗时,不要使用高压的水流,凡是有轴承的地方要特别小心。</span></b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">&nbsp;</span><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">第<span lang="EN-US">1</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">9 G( w2 P; Q: u' ^" g, u</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">% o5 p&nbsp;&nbsp;M&nbsp;&nbsp;g% A$ }* m7 `&amp; Y) ^+ t</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">首先清洗链条,请参阅链条的清洗和上油中的清洗部分,不同的是,由于之后马上要清洗整车,所以不需要把链条擦得非常干,把清洗液擦掉就行。<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">. o&nbsp;&nbsp;F! H1
J. V9 Q</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">第<span lang="EN-US">2</span>步<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>在容器里准备好清洗液,厨房使用的洗洁精就可以。不要使用洗衣粉等腐蚀性比较强的品种,虽然洗得干净,但过后容易导致螺丝生锈。<span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><br>
<br>
第<span lang="EN-US">3</span>步 <br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_354b08088d7f7db37756LtVdntixSJ71.jpg" border="0"><br><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">用水管把整车浇湿,使污垢自己回软脱落,不含轴承污垢又比较顽固的地方,可以使用较大的水压冲,冲不掉也没关系,后续步骤可以解决它们。</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>第<span lang="EN-US">4</span>步<span lang="EN-US">. <br>
<br>
</span>如果你没有使用碟刹系统,这个步骤可以略过。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">单独用一块干净的海绵<span lang="EN-US">(</span>碟刹专用<span lang="EN-US">)</span>,粘上第二步准备的还没用过的清洗液,清洗碟盘和卡钳部分。洗完后海绵放在一边,后面还会用到。<br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_9a585bafe92f8775cf51IbKQs4bCKeGD.jpg" border="0"><br><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">5</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:ZH-CN;mso-bidi-language:
AR-SA">用另一块海绵,粘上清洗液,来清洗全车表面,包括车首、前叉、车架、刹车<span lang="EN-US">(</span>非碟刹<span lang="EN-US">)</span>、座垫座杆、变速器、车圈、辐条、曲柄、脚踏、线管等等的表面,之后用水冲净</span>用另一块海绵,粘上清洗液,来清洗全车表面,包括车首、前叉、车架、刹车<span lang="EN-US">(</span>非碟刹<span lang="EN-US">)</span>、座垫座杆、<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_79fbbea8f458f9a01b91MygHEvNyz0HA.jpg" border="0">变速器、车圈、辐条、曲柄、脚踏、线管等等的表面,之后用水冲净:<span lang="EN-US">Z<o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span><span style="background-color: white; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">对于前后变速器一些细微处,海绵无法深入的地方,用长毛刷子粘上清洗液解决</span><span lang="EN-US">&amp; </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); "><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); "><o:p>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_08d163b80434e1b69640YwbI5qZmWJf0.jpg" border="0"><br><br><br></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">6</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>柄硬刷处理牙盘盘片、飞轮,先给刷子粘上清洗液,把刷子抵在牙盘和飞轮上,然后转动曲柄,转上几圈后,进行前后变速,使链条离开原来所在的牙盘和飞轮位置,再抵,把原来在链条下的部位也清洗干净。最后用水冲净。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; "><b><font color="#ff0000">需要注意的是,别让水流浸入花鼓和中轴</font></b><font color="#444444">,对于密封做得不太好的产品尤其需要小心。一些密封很差的花鼓不能用这种方法清洗</font></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; "><br>
</span><font color="#ffffff">第</font><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; ">7</span><font color="#ffffff">步</font><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; "><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">用宽硬刷子处理轮胎表面,将刷子粘上清洗液,依次刷洗轮胎表面,把齿缝中的泥土、石块等东西清除。最后冲洗干净。<br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_7896bea88bbb20b8a4caHCykjGbAdDY1.jpg" border="0"><br><br></span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;

<span style="background-color: white; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 16pt; ">第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color: white; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 16pt; ">7</span><span style="background-color: white; font-family: 宋体; font-size: 16pt; ">步</span><p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size: 16pt; font-family: 宋体; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">用宽硬刷子处理轮胎表面,将刷子粘上清洗液,依次刷洗轮胎表面,把齿缝中的泥土、石块等东西清除。最后冲洗干净。<br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_7f2e8ddc2df5145cf0ee9lBxJJCMzxAj.jpg" border="0"><br></span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; "><br>第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; ">8</span><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 16pt; ">步</span></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US">
<br>
</span><font color="#ffffff">用</font><span style="background-color: white; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-family: 宋体; font-size: 16pt; ">用水浇灌全车,除去车上的残留清洗液。</span><font color="#ffffff">水浇灌全车,除去车上的残留清洗液。</font><span lang="EN-US" style="color: white; font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span></p><p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">第<span lang="EN-US">9</span>步<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>如果你没有使用碟刹系统,这个步骤可以略过。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">使用刚才放在一边的碟刹专用海绵再次清洗碟盘和卡钳,不要粘已被污染的清洗液,海绵里含有的清洗液就足够用了。这样做的目的是,防止在前面清洗过程中碟盘和卡钳被重新污染。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">10</span>步<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>现在,用水把车彻底浇水净。清洗过程就结束了。
<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">三<span lang="EN-US">.</span>晾晒<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>把洗干净的车抬到晾晒的地方,进行如下步骤。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">1</span>步<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">双手举起车,离地面约二三十厘米,然后放手,重复几次,把粘在车上的水珠摔掉。<br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_c91867581793da2907e5wV4qkrcNuHrq.jpg" border="0"><br><br><br><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">2</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:ZH-CN;mso-bidi-language:
AR-SA">有些车设计有排水口。举起前论,使车体与地面几乎垂直,让车内残漏的水从五通、车架等处的排水口排出。<br></span><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_cff51a1cf3bff4f75c0cZqxjOmRsWN98.jpg" border="0"><br>
</span>有些车设计有排水口。举起前论,使车体与地面几乎垂直,让车内残漏的水从五通、车架等处的排水口排出。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">3</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>用干抹布把整车擦干,尤其是线材的表面、前叉的管壁,碟刹盘片除外,让它自然风干即可,当然你也可以用一块专门的抹布来处理它。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">对于快拆的论组,你也可以把轮子拆下,以方便晾晒。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>注意的是,链条要尽量擦干。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">如果有太阳,在阳光下晒一段时间是比较好的,这有利于链条内部等细微处的干燥,只用布是无法完全擦干的。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">待刹车变速线材的外露部分干燥后,调整刹车变速,松开刹车线和变速线,把处于线管内部的线材擦干,继续晾干。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_a9bc2854770aa9eb0777nrhZWYLsAEJW.jpg" border="0"><br><br><br></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">四<span lang="EN-US">.</span>上油</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>如果先前拆下了轮子,先把论组安装复位,确保快拆锁到位。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>下面上油的地方如果含有轴承,则无效;轴承保养需要单独进行。<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><br>
<br>
</span><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; ">第<span lang="EN-US">1</span>步<span lang="EN-US">. <br>
</span>给变速线管和刹车线管里注油,然后把线管安装复位:<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_a9bc2854770aa9eb0777nrhZWYLsAEJW.jpg" border="0"></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="color: white; "><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; background-position: initial initial; background-repeat: initial initial; "><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size: 16pt; color: rgb(68, 68, 68); background-image: initial; background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: white; ">第<span lang="EN-US">2</span>步<br></span><span lang="EN-US"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:ZH-CN;mso-bidi-language:
AR-SA">给刹车杆和变速杆<span lang="EN-US">(</span>指拨系统<span lang="EN-US">)</span>的转动部位上油:</span><br><font color="#ffffff"><br><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_ef667edf5ad2f15437adPaQ07vgS3oHB.jpg" border="0"><br></font></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">第<span lang="EN-US">3</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span><font size="5">给前拨的转动部位上油:</font><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white"><o:p>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_a99eb458a4915d3d2569IUePEqG9VfH0.jpg" border="0"><br><br><br></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">第<span lang="EN-US">4</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span><font size="4">给后拨的转动部位上油</font>:<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white"><o:p>&nbsp;<img src="http://www.emsxl.com/attachments/month_1207/20120713_768383e8d99497c4f592YouARGkcamMV.jpg" border="0"></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">第<span lang="EN-US">5</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span><font size="5">给链条上油,请参阅<span lang="EN-US">^<br>
</span>第<span lang="EN-US">4</span>步<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>如果牙盘和飞轮上沾的油较多,则进行前后变速,将链条变离原来所在的牙盘和飞轮,用抹布擦干沾在牙盘和飞轮上的油。这些油除了粘灰没有别的作用。</font><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">第<span lang="EN-US">5</span>步</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">每次一般的骑行之后,使用抹布保持干净,一段时间后再清洗上油。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;mso-ascii-theme-font:
major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;background:white">在泥泞的地方骑行时,链条上的油会很快消失殆尽。此时链条的磨损很重,声音也很大,需要及时进行补充。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
<br>
</span>等有好的方法后,还会和大家分享,谢谢观赏<span lang="EN-US">O(</span>∩<span lang="EN-US">_</span>∩<span lang="EN-US">)O~</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; ">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;font-family:宋体;
mso-ascii-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
mso-hansi-theme-font:major-fareast;mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#444444;
background:white"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p></p><p></p></div>
 楼主| 发表于 2012-7-13 22:33:23 | 显示全部楼层
<b><font size="6">关于洗车个人观点是 除了飞轮、链条、牙盘有油腻需要请除外,其他部位尽量少用水冲洗,特别是高压水枪,最近有不少车友因为用高压水枪洗车时,方法不正确,导致花鼓、中轴进水······</font></b><img src="http://www.emsxl.com/images/smilies/default/smile.gif" smilieid="1" border="0">
 楼主| 发表于 2012-7-21 23:55:03 | 显示全部楼层
<b><font size="5">补充一点,在河里洗车的时候,不要把水没过花鼓和中轴了,这样很容易进水的······</font></b>
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